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英语四六级关键句型72变|写作必备


句子是按照一定的语法规律组成的,表达一个完整的意义。一个英文句子一般由两部分构成,即主语部分和谓语部分,这两部分也叫做句子 的主要成分,句子的次要成分包括宾语,定语,状语,表语等。灵活掌握关键句型,四六级写作不用愁。

1. It作先行主语和先行宾语的一些句型
She had said what it was necessary to say.


2.强调句型

It is not who rules us that is important, but how he rules us.


3. "All+抽象名词"或"抽象名词+itself"(very+形容词)

He was all gentleness to her.


4.利用词汇重复表示强调

A crime is a crime a crime.

5. "something(much)of"和"nothing(little)of" "something of"

相当于"to some extent",表示程度。在疑问句或条件从句中,则为"anything of ",可译为"有点","略微等。""译为毫无","全无"。"much of"译为"大有","not much of"可译为"算不上","称不上","little of"可译为"几乎无"。something like译为"有点像,略似。"
They say that he had no university education, but he seems to be something of a scholar.


6.同格名词修饰是指of前后的两个名词都指同一个人或物,"of"以及它前面的名词构一个形容词短语,以修饰"of"后面的那个名词。
如"her old sharper of a father",可译为:"她那骗子般的父亲"。

Those pigs of girls eat so much.

7. as…as…can(may)be

It is as plain as plain can be.

8. "It is in(with)…as in(with)"

It is in life as in a journey.

9. "as good as…"相等于,就像,几乎如;实际上,其实,实在。

The merchant as good as promised the orphan boy, that he would adopt him.

10."many as well…as"和"might as well …as" "many as well…as"可译为"与其……,不如……,更好","以这样做……为宜","如同……,也可以……"等等。"might as well …as"表示不可能的事,可译为"犹如……","可与……一样荒唐","与其那样不如这样的好"等等。

One may as well not know a thing at all as know it imperfectly.

11."to make…of"的译法(使……成为……,把……当作)

I will make a scientist of my son.


12. oo…+不定式",not(never)too…+不定式","too…not+不定式

She is too angry to speak.


13. only(not, all, but, never) too …to do so "和"too ready (apt) + to do"
结构中,不定式也没有否定意义,凡是"not","all""but等字后+"too…to,"不定式都失去了否定意义,在"too ready(apt) +to do"结构中,不定式也没有否定意义。
You know but too yell to hold your tongue.

14. "no more …than…"句型

A home without love is no more a home than a body without a soul is a man.

15. "not so much…as"和"not so much as …"结构,"not so much…as"="not so much as …",
其中as有进可换用but rather,可译为:"与其说是……毋须说是……"。而"not so much as"="without(not)even,"可译为"甚至……还没有"。
The oceans do not so much divide the world as unite it .

16. "Nothing is more…than"和"Nothing is so …as"结构,"Nothing is more…than"和"Nothingis so …as"
都具有最高级比较的意思,"Nothing I"可换用"no","nobody","nowhere","little","few","hardly","scarcely"等等,可译为"没有……比……更为","像……再没有了","最……"等。
Nothing is more precious than time.

17. "cannot…too…"结构,"cannot…too…"

意为"It is impossible to overdo…"或者,即"无论怎样……也不算过分"。"not"可换用"hardly","scarcely"等,"too"可换用"enough","sufficient"等
You cannot be too careful.

18. "否定+but "结构
在否定词后面的"but",具有"which not","who not","that not",等等否定意义,构成前后的双重否定。可译成"没有……不是"或"……都……"等
Nothing is so bad but it might have been worse.

19. "否定+until (till)"结构
在否定词"no","not","never","little","few","seldom"等的后边所接用的"until/till",多数情况下译为"直到……才……","要……才……",把否定译为肯定。
Nobody knows what he can do till he has tried.

20. "not so…but"和"not such a …but"结构
这两个结构和"否定+but"的结构差不多,不同之点是这两个结构中的"but"是含有"that…not"意味的连续词,表示程度。可译为"还没有……到不能做……的程度","并不是……不……","无论怎样……也不是不能……"等。
He is not so sick but he can come to school.

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